Magnisi peninsula which separates the Bay of Augusta from the Bay
of Syracuse is tenuously connected to the mainland by a narrow isthmus
of sand. Archeological findings have now ascertained that in the
Middle Bronze Age (15C-13C BC), there grew up one of the most important
prehistoric cultures here; this is further underlined by the recovery
of Mycenaean and Maltese ceramics that suggest Thapsos continued
thereafter to be a trading emporium of considerable importance.
has revealed a number of substantial remains from a settlement including
various round huts from the 15C-14C BC; several of these preserve
the holes in which the roof poles were held, and the central hearth.
From a subsequent phase (13C-12C BC), there survive traces of a
more sophisticated residential complex comprising a series of rectangular
chambers arranged around a cobbled courtyard; these concur with
Mycenaean prototypes. Note also, on a slope to the west of the site,
the cisterns for collecting rainwater and the small ditch by which
it was channelled to the settlement. Further south along the dirt
track edging the area of excavation, on the left, may be seen fragments
of the Early Bronze Age fortifications complete with extant foundations
for lookout towers. A few hundred metres beyond this extends a vast
necropolis containing some 450 burial chambers. These consist of
small man-made hollows preceded by a vestibule, which in most cases,
consists of a small shaft, dromos passageway or tunnel (these are
more evident along the sea-shore where the sea has eroded the external
wall). The burial chambers are round with conical ceilings: in some,
the walls accommodate shallow niches (visible in one tomb where
the ceiling has collapsed) in which the grave goods were deposited.
These chambers were used for extended groups of people (complete
families and dependents), and were designed to serve several generations.
Entombment was by inhumation.
Porto Palo di Capo Passero
Eremo San Corrado
Laghetti Di Avola
Marina Di Avola
Marina Di Noto
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Guide of Sicily
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